CXF VS AXIS2 Overview
Both CXF and axis are famous open web service framework, there are new next-generation which evolved from existing projects and introduced many innovative thoughts, therefore, it’s difficult to select one but give rid of another one. The two web services frameworks have been released several years and used widely, now they are under the umbrella of Apache.
Axis2 is a follow-up of the popular and well-known Axis 1.x series framework, the deployment of services for Axis1 has often been criticized. Therefore Axis2 has a completely new deployment model. CXF is literally the offspring of the XFire and Celtix project, it is based on Servlet technology and SOA application, it was developed with the intention to integrate it into other systems.
CXF and Axis2 which is better one? We compare them from following aspects:
Let’s take a look: CXC vs Axis2:
The below finger displays an overall statistics comparison they were seen on the web(e.g. the search rate, articles, discussion and email around them).
Early in 2007 and 2008, Axis2 was almost twice popular than CXF, unfortunately, it has been dropped down a lot but CXF got a big win, up to the present time. CXF has advantage over Axis2 quite a bit.
2. Their advantage Comparison.
2.1 The advantage of CXF:
- CXF supports for WS-Addressing, WS-Policy, WS-RM, WS-Security and WS-I BasicProfile.
- CXF implements JAX-WS API (according by JAX-WS 2.0 TCK).
- CXF has better integration with Spring and other frameworks.
- CXF has high extensibility in terms of their interceptor strategy.
- CXF has more configurable feature via the API instead of cumbersome XML files.
- CXF has Bindings：SOAP、REST/HTTP, and its Data Bndings support JAXB 2.0、Aegis, by default it use JAXB 2.0 and more close Java standard specification.
- CXF has abundant toolkits, e.g. Java to WSDL, WSDL to Java, XSD to WSDL, WSDL to XML, WSDL to SOAP, WSDL to Service.
2.2 The advantage of Axis2:
- Axis2 also supports WS-RM, WS-Security, and WS-I BasicProfile except for WS-Policy, I expect it will be supported in an upcoming version.
- Axis has more options for data bindings for your choose
- Axis2 supports multiple languages—including C/C++ version and Java version.
- Axis2 supports a wider range of data bindings, including XMLBeans, JiBX, JaxMe and JaxBRI as well as its own native data binding, ADB.
- longer history than CXF.
From above advantage items, it brings us to a good thoughts to compare Axis2 and CXF on their own merits. they all have different well-developed areas in a certain field, CXF is very configurable, integratable and has rich tool kits supported and close to Java community, Axis2 has taken an approach that makes it in many ways resemble an application server in miniature. it is across multiple programming languages. because its Independence, Axis2 lends itself towards web services that stand alone, independent of other applications, and offers a wide variety of functionality.
3. Features?Details Comparison:
|Feature Category||Feature||Axis 1.x||Axis2||CXF|
|General Features||Basic Profile 1.1 Compliant||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Easily Create Services from POJOs||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Streaming XML (StAX based)||Yes||Yes|
|WSDL 1.1 ->Code (Client)||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|WSDL 1.1 ->Code (Server)||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|WSDL 2.0 ->Code (Client)||Yes|
|WSDL2.0 ->Code (Server)||Yes|
|Policy-driven code generation||Yes||Yes|
|Web Services related
|JSR 181 on Java 1.4|
|Data Bindings||YesMLBeans Support||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Castor Support||Yes||Yes |
|WS-Metadata Exchange||Yes ||Yes|
|WSDL 1.1 Support||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|WSDL 2.0 Support||Yes|
|Attachments||Soap w/ Attachments||Yes||Yes||Yes|
|Encoding Table||YesML Textual||Yes||Yes||Yes|
4. Support and Community:
Sometimes using the best technology can still be tough if you are the only one doing so and are unsupported. For Support and Community, there have not a big difference between them because they are both open source project with the normal community support lists.
As a developer, we need to accord our perspective to choose the right one, whichever framework you choose, you’ll have the benefit of an active and stable open source community. In terms of performance, I did a test based the same functionality and configed in the same web container, the result shows that CXF performed little bit better than Axis2, the single case may not exactly reflect their capabilities and performance. In some research articles, it reveals that Axis2′s proprietary ADB databinding is a bit faster than CXF since it don’t have additional feature(WS-Security).